Here are some general pointers that will help growing these plants:
Ensure the plant receives 5-6 hours of direct sun
In case you are growing the plant in a pot, use at least a 10 inch deep pot per plant. This will give enough space for the roots to grow.
Spinach is a staple leafy vegetable during the winters, known for its nutritious value. Growing them at home is not a Herculean task either. Sow the seeds in the soil in a cool climate, good 4-5 hours of sunlight, and regular watering. Your green leafy harvest will be ready within a month from sowing.
Germinate the seeds indoors in coco peat before transplanting them into a 20-inch planter. Peas are climbers, so they will require support to climb on. These plants love 4-5 hours of direct sun with moderate water requirements. They also need fertilizing every month before being prepared for harvesting in 50-60 days. Also do remember to add a trellis for the plant to climb.
Cabbage are heavy feeders and require well-draining soil. During winters, the temperature in North India usually remains low, about 15-25 C. It is the ideal temperature for growing cabbages. All they need is well-draining soil mixed with organic fertilizer. Sow the seeds about 20-25 inches away from each other. In two weeks, young sprouts will appear. After a month of sowing, when the plant will have about 3-4 leaves, repot them into a bigger space.
Cauliflower is another veggie from the cabbage family that does well in winters. Sprinkle some seeds indoors, then transplant them into bigger pots after a month. Cauliflower plants require direct sunlight to bear their large fruit. If the conditions are unfavorable, the cauliflower may not produce its large head. But with great care and a suitable climate, your harvest will be ready in 4-5 months after sowing.
With a mix of regular soil and vermicompost, you can grow lettuce at home. Add some seeds about 3 cm apart and cover them with soil. Lettuce needs a solid 8-hour sun for thriving. Ensure to keep them at a spot that receives adequate sunlight. Keep the soil moist but do not overwater it. The leaves will be ready for harvesting within a few weeks. Also, the best part, they can be harvested again in a short span.
Easier said than done, these plants require good fertilizing, as they are heavy feeders. They are also prone to pests and soil insects like any other plant during the winters. You can head to our Youtube channel to learn how to deal with the notorious pests. You can also purchase organic pesticides and fertilizers for healthy and strong plants from our online shop at www.gardenupstore.in.